Indian Forum for Water Adroit

Unravelling Diurnal Asymmetry of Surface Temperature in Different Climate Zones


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A work by

R. Vinnarasi, C. T. Dhanya, Aniket Chakravorty & Amir AghaKouchak has been published recently in Nature Scientific Reports (


Article: Unravelling Diurnal Asymmetry of Surface Temperature in Different Climate Zones


Understanding the evolution of Diurnal Temperature Range (DTR), which has contradicting global and regional trends, is crucial because it influences environmental and human health. Here, we analyse the regional evolution of DTR trend over different climatic zones in India using a non-stationary approach known as the Multidimensional Ensemble Empirical Mode Decomposition (MEEMD) method, to explore the generalized influence of regional climate on DTR, if any. We report a 0.36 °C increase in overall mean of DTR till 1980, however, the rate has declined since then. Further, arid deserts and warm-temperate grasslands exhibit negative DTR trends, while the west coast and sub-tropical forest in the north-east show positive trends. This transition predominantly begins with a 0.5 °C increase from the west coast and spreads with an increase of 0.25 °C per decade. These changes are more pronounced during winter and post-monsoon, especially in the arid desert and warm-temperate grasslands, the DTR decreased up to 2 °C, where the rate of increase in minimum temperature is higher than the maximum temperature. We conclude that both maximum and minimum temperature increase in response to the global climate change, however, their rates of increase are highly local and depend on the underlying climatic zone.

Correspondence to: Dr. C. T. Dhanya
Thanks & Regards

Sonali Pattanayak
Research Associate
Divecha Center for Climate Change