Indian Forum for Water Adroit

Estimation of daily vegetation coefficients using MODIS data for clear and cloudy sky conditions

Subir Paul

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  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R
The work carried out by H. R. Shwetha along with Prof. D Nagesh Kumar titled "Estimation of daily vegetation coefficients using MODIS data for clear and cloudy sky conditions" was published in the International Journal of Remote Sensing.

Abstract: Spatially distributed vegetation coefficients () data with high temporal resolution are in demand for actual evapotranspiration estimation, crop condition assessment, irrigation scheduling, etc. Traditional remotely sensed based  data application gets hindered because of two main reasons i.e 1) spectral reflectance based  accounts only for transpiration factor, but fails to account for total evapotranspitration. 2) required optical spectral reflectances are available only during clear sky conditions, which creates gaps in the  data. Hence there is a necessity of a model which accounts for both transpiration and evpaoration factors and also for a gap filling method, which can produce accurate continuous quantification of  values. Therefore, in this study, different combinations of enhanced vegetation index (EVI), global vegetation moisture index (GVMI) and temperature vegetation dryness index (TVDI) have been employed in linear and non linear regression techniques to obtain the best model. To fill the gaps in the data, initially, temporal fitting of  values have been examined using Savitsky-Goley (SG) filter for 3 years of data (2012–2014), but this fails when sufficient high quality  values are unavailable. In this regard, three gap filling techniques namely regression, artificial neural networks (ANN) and interpolation techniques have been employed over Cauvery basin. Microwave polarization difference index (MPDI) has been employed in ANN technique to estimate  values under cloudy sky conditions. The results revealed that the combination of GVMI and TVDI using linear regression technique performed better than other combinations with correlation coefficient (r) and root mean square error (RMSE) values of 0.824 and 0.204 respectively. Furthermore, the results indicated that SG filter can be used for temporal fitting and for gap filling regression technique performed better than other techniques with the r and RMSE values of 0.68 and 0.25 for Berambadi station.
Subir Paul
Research Scholar (PhD)
IISc Bengaluru