Indian Forum for Water Adroit

Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« on: March 20, 2014, 12:08:52 PM »
Hello Everyone,

The idea of connecting rivers of India came decade ago. I need to know how feasible, economical, useful and nature friendly idea is this? Please speak your mind here so that we can cover each and every aspects (good or bad) of this idea.

I invite each and everyone of this forum to give your valuable insight. Floor is open for discussion now.
  :)

Thank You.

Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 
The following users thanked this post: Sonali

indus

  • *****
  • Thanked: 4 times
  • +46/-0
    • View Profile
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #1 on: March 21, 2014, 10:23:32 AM »
hi,

It's a good topic to start with.
In this regard, I wish to share the usefulness of Inland water
terminals  connecting major rivers with canals.For a coastal region
like kerala, this serves as an excellent means to transport cargo
thereby reducing highway traffic.
I remember taking up the design for floating terminal of the west coast
canal (National waterway-3) for our btech project.
However, I have not confirmed the exact statistics of its usefulness after
construction. Maybe, can share in future post.

Here is the link showing major waterways of India :
http://iwai.nic.in/map.php?lang=1


indu
J.Indu
Assistant Professor
Dept. of Civil Engineering
IIT Bombay
 


Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #3 on: March 21, 2014, 06:38:22 PM »
Thank You Indu for sharing your experience with us, and Sat for providing link of the book. I will certainly go through them and will try to post gist of them.

In between I encourage others to share their views on this project. Hoping for some more involvement here.
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #4 on: July 03, 2014, 08:14:43 PM »

Here is the video on

Interlinking of Indian Rivers: Pros and Cons and Environmental Concerns - Kaggere Lokesh

They are the pros of interlinking, the consequences in terms of volume of water to be diverted, the number of projects to be designed and completed, land requirement, the time frame for completion, the displacement of human population, rehabilitation efforts etc. Over and above, there is a lot of concern with respect to environmental issues such as destruction of biodiversity, changing land use pattern, deforestation, pollution aspects, soil erosion and loss of fertility, damage to flora and fauna, flood and drought mitigation.

Video Link:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=107fsOzg9xM
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #5 on: August 14, 2014, 02:39:49 PM »
Another opinion published in "The Hindu" on Interlinking of Rivers by Parvathy Binoy (doctoral candidate in geography at Syracuse University)

Major Highlight of opinion:
In a recent article, prominent environmentalists Vandana Shiva and Sarika Malhotra argue that the interlinking projects have no hydrological or ecological soundness. Their study of the Ken-Betwa link and the Sarda-Yamuna link points to the false government claim that the links will deliver water to drought-prone Bundelkhand. Instead, the drought season they argue, occurs when both the Ken and the Betwa have reduced flow due to the fact that they emerge from the same Vindhyanchal range. As for the Sarda and the Yamuna, both these rivers flood at the same time because they both emerge from the Garhwal Himalayas of Uttarakhand.

Criticism :
Author being a researcher should have cited research article to back his/her claim. Also last para consists of religious mentioning which is very unwarranted thing in scientific community.

Link :
http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/mr-modis-river-disconnect/article6313925.ece?homepage=true
« Last Edit: August 14, 2014, 02:42:42 PM by Alok Pandey »
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #6 on: October 17, 2015, 11:48:52 AM »
Recently, I had a privilege to attend the talk on “Inter-linking of Rivers” by Prof. Rama Prasad (Retired IISc Professor), Irrigation Expert, Bangalore, organized by Karnataka State Centre of The Institution of Engineers (India).
Here are few key points from the talk,

1. Although this project may not be very effective for flood prevention but it is required to divert surplus water between rivers.
2. It will enhance the command area.
3. Project is supported by almost every engineers and hydrologists, and present government is serious in implementation.




Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #7 on: December 16, 2015, 03:11:17 PM »
'Interlinking of Rivers: Opportunities, Issues & Challenges'- A Panel Discussion
    Wed, Dec 16, 2015 4:00 PM - 6:30 PM IST

 Registration Link : https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/6401370262159314177 

Additional Info
Forum for Policy Dialogue on Water Conflicts in India is organising panel discussion on the contentious issue of 'Interlinking of Rivers'. Forum believes that 'Interlinking of Rivers' is an important issue that needs to be discussed taking into account the finer details of the implications of this ambitious project. It is important to have informed debate around this issue, so that decisions taken henceforth are in line with economic, environmental and social justice
perspective.

The panelists are as follows:
1) Mr. Chetan Pandit, Retd. Member of the Central Water Commission
2) Mr. Dinesh Kumar, Executive Director, IRAP
3) Mr. Himanshu Thakkar, SANDRP
4) Prof. Jayanta Bandyopadhyay, IIM Kolkata

The session will be moderated by Mr. Shripad Dharmadhikary from Manthan.
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #8 on: December 16, 2015, 06:22:11 PM »
Perspective of Ramaswamy R Iyer (Centre for Policy Research)

River linking Project
A Disquieting Judgement


Abstract :
The recent Supreme Court decision on two writ petitions of 2002 on the inter-linking of rivers is a deeply disquieting
judgment because it is not only a clear encroachment into the executive domain, but also shows an inadequate awareness of the extensive debate on the project. The ruling provides strong backing to a “project” that many hold to be fundamentally flawed and potentially disastrous. This article first deals with the question of judicial overreach and then considers the soundness of the project in terms of the various benefits that are claimed on its behalf. It concludes with a plea for an urgent reconsideration of the judgment.

Link to full article
: https://handouts-live.s3.amazonaws.com/6ead6e176ab2457abacf3361aef4ecd0?sessionId=3925314057031566853&participantId=600022
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #9 on: December 16, 2015, 06:28:18 PM »
Interlinking of Rivers in India : Assessing the Justifications

Special article by Prof Jayanta Bandyopadhyay and Shama Perveen

Abstract :
The present form of the river interlinking proposal, made by the National Water Development Agency, has been hailed as a ‘must’ for the country by many politicians. This paper critically examines the assumptions behind and the main justifications extended for the project. The paper disagrees with the concept that river basins can be mechanically divided as ‘surplus’ or ‘deficit’ ones, and views the proposed interlinking as an extremely cost-ineffective measure for
the expansion of a rather inefficient traditional irrigation process. Thus, in the event of the mega-project being taken up as it is, it will lead to sub-optimal use of the water resources of the country through a huge and unwise investment. The official justifications for the proposed interlinking of rivers are not found to be backed by any scientific reasoning.

Link to full article : https://handouts-live.s3.amazonaws.com/e5e77b3b0d3a425badfb5a56dd4f1924?sessionId=3925314057031566853&participantId=600022
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #10 on: March 20, 2016, 06:22:37 PM »
A Bend in the River : Is the inter-linking of rivers the solution to India’s water problems?
-------------- by Anand Ranganathan

Very balanced article with some more information about ILR. Some informations from the article is shared here for quick read.
...
"The report also states that “additional benefits come in the form of prevention of floods and droughts. There are also other benefits that are of both short-term and long-term nature, like the investment taking place in the construction of ILR network. The total cost of ILR is estimated to be Rs 5,60,000 crore at 2002-03 prices.”
...
But what of the disaster facing India as far as food security is concerned – if not the ILR, what other alternate strategy? “There are many alternatives”, says Dr Shiva. “The first is to conserve water in the soil through organic farming.”
Organic farming to feed 1.6 billion Indians by 2050? Granted, organic farming – despite it requiring 40% more land than conventional farming – has its benefits but to feed a billion hungry mouths one cannot go by rhetoric, one needs indisputable scientific facts and the facts prove otherwise. In a landmark paper in the journal Nature, a team of scientists showed conclusively that organic farming provides up to 34% lower yields than conventional farming. Sunita Narain, another environmentalist, has entered the ring, too. Her argument is that “when one river is in spate so is the next river”.


Source Link : http://www.newslaundry.com/2014/06/09/a-bend-in-the-river/
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #11 on: April 27, 2016, 11:19:15 AM »
Another article on interlinking of river titled "Why linking rivers won't work" - From the Himalayas to the Western ghats, The Modi regime pushes ahead with a mammoth river-linking project with questionable benefits.

Pros highlighted
1. NWDA director-general S. Masood Hussain, says the ILR will double India's current 42,200 megawatt hydropower generation (from medium and major projects), adding 34 additional gigawatts to the capacity.
2.  Designed to irrigate 35 million monsoon-dependent hectares, Masood says ILR is the only realistic means to raise the country's irrigation potential from 140 million to 175 million hectares by 2050, when the population is projected to touch 1.6 billion.


Cons highlighted
1. Astronomically expensive adventure : "Union water resources, river development and Ganga rejuvenation minister Uma Bharti tells india today that "ILR will now cost Rs 11 lakh crore."
2. According to Himanshu Thakkar (SANDRP's convenor), Groundwater that has been India's real lifeline and it is estimated to be 70 per cent more productive than canal irrigation, it needs to be sustained by protecting traditional recharge systems. If implemented, the ILR programme would seriously jeopardise the very resource that sustains India's food security.


Link to article : http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/river-linking-narendra-modi-national-green-tribunal/1/642498.html
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #12 on: August 16, 2016, 02:29:46 PM »
Updates from Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (last Updated on:02/03/2016)

Intra-State Links

    National Water Development Agency(NWDA) has received 46 proposals of intra-state links from 9 States viz. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Orissa, Bihar, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Chhattisgarh.
    Out of these 46 proposals, Pre-Feasibility Reports (PFRs) of 35 intra-state links have been completed by NWDA up to March, 2015.
    In addition to National Perspective Plan link, the Detailed Project Report (DPR) of two Intra-State links of Bihar State viz Burhi Gandak-Noon-Baya-Ganga and Kosi-Mechi link have been completed in December 2013 and March 2014 respectively. Detailed Project Report of Kosi-Mechi link in under technical appraisal in CWC.
    DPRs of Ponnaiyar –Palar link (Tamil Nadu), Wainganga (Gosikhurd)-Nalganga (Purna Tapi) link (Maharashtra), Barakar-Damodar-Subarnarekha and Vamsadhara-Rushikulya (Nandaninalla) are under progress. Out of these, DPR  of Ponnaiyar-Palar link is various stages of  completion.

Benefit from Interlinking of Rivers (Inter basin water transfer)


    The overall implementation of Interlinking of Rivers programme under National Perspective Plan would give benefits of 35 million hectares of irrigation, raising the ultimate irrigation potential from 140 million hectare to 175 million hectare and generation of 34000 megawatt of power, apart from the incidental benefits of flood control, navigation, water supply, fisheries, salinity and pollution control etc.

Link for the more information/updates :  http://wrmin.nic.in/forms/list.aspx?lid=1279&Id=4
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 

Alok Pandey

  • ***
  • Thanked: 37 times
  • +92/-0
  • Trying my best to achieve unbiasedness :)
    • View Profile
    • Personal Webpage of Alok
  • Institute : Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Programming language : Matlab, R, ArcGIS, Grads
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #13 on: July 22, 2018, 05:57:26 PM »
River Linking may have the potential to accelerate global warming on a short term in addition to its possible adverse effect  on monsoon rain-fall in India on a long term.

Article :
Rajamani, V., Mohanty, U.C., Ramesh, R., Bhat, G.S., Vinayachandran, P.N., Sengupta, D., PrasannaKumar, S. and Kolli, R.K., 2006. Linking Indian rivers vs Bay of Bengal monsoon activity. Indian Academy of Sciences.
Alok Pandey,
PhD Scholar,
Water Resources and Environmental Engineering,
IISc Bangalore
 
The following users thanked this post: Sonali

Sonali

  • *****
  • Thanked: 66 times
  • +69/-0
    • View Profile
Re: Connecting Rivers of India: Searching for an Insight
« Reply #14 on: July 24, 2018, 10:10:25 AM »
Good one. Informative.
Thanks for sharing.
Thanks & Regards

Sonali Pattanayak
Research Associate
Divecha Center for Climate Change
IISc,Bangalore-12